Social work was a new profession that needed to develop a knowledge base and an understanding of Indian social issues and problems. In the early years, students and faculty of the Institute conducted research studies and wrote extensively on social problems and other themes, which contributed to the development of the ﬁeld.
The Department of Research Methodology (now Centre for Research Methodology) was set up in 1952 to cater the requirement of teaching research methodology courses to different programmes in the Institute.
Unit for Child and Youth Research was established with initial support from UNICEF. Its principal focus was to promote interdisciplinary research on the issues, policies and programmes related to children, adolescents, youth in general and disadvantaged groups in particular.
Soon after, the research unit in the Sociology of Education was established other research units set up in the including the unit for Urban Studies, unit for Rural Studies, unit for Women's Studies, unit for Family Studies, and the unit for Labour Studies.
143 research and documentation projects were ongoing at the institute. Of these 16 were in Multi Disciplinary areas while the rest were anchored in the several Schools / Centres. The results of this research are disseminated through various means, including books, monographs, research reports, papers in journals and books, popular articles and ﬁlms.
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